NEW DELHI : The standing committee on health for
the 12th five year Plan has proposed adding 18,000
additional undergraduate medical seats, and nearly
11,000 post-graduate seats between 2012 and 2017,
reports the Times of India.
In its report to the Union health ministry, exclusively
available with TOI, the panel has recommended for the
increase of undergraduate medical seats from 41,569 to
66,000 and PG seats from 20,868 to 31,000, the TOI
report said on December 2.
The TOI report credited to Kounteya Sinha said that the
panel has proposed setting up of 30 new medical colleges
with public financing in states that need them the most.
It has recommended setting up of 132 Auxiliary Nursing
Midwifery (ANM) and 137 General Nursing Midwifery (GNM)
schools through public financing with a focus on
under-serviced areas and starting paramedical education
courses in 149 government medical colleges and
paramedical institutions in 26 states.
Trained and competent human resource, the committee
says, is the foundation of an effective healthcare
India produces 30,000 doctors, 18,000 specialists,
30,000 AYUSH doctors, 54,000 nurses, 15,000 ANMs and
36,000 pharmacists annually. “Yet, geographic and
rural-urban imbalance exists in training and
availability of human resource. Medical colleges are
unevenly spread across the states with wide disparities
in the quality of education. Only 193 districts of the
total of 640 districts have a medical college – the
remaining 447 districts do not have any medical
colleges,” the report says.
Against a World Health Organization recommended norm of
23/25 health workers (doctors, nurses, midwives) per
10,000 population, India has 19 health workers per
10,000 (doctors-6, nurses and midwives-13). Besides,
there are 7.9 lakh registered AYUSH practitioners (6.5
per 10,000). The urban density of doctors and nurses is
four and three times, respectively, as compared to rural
“Such a skewed distribution results in large gaps in
demand and availability, particularly for governmental
health care facilities. The 12th Plan aims to expand
facilities for medical, nursing and paramedical
education, creating new skilled health worker
categories,” says the report.