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Data on faculty vacancies
Only top 15% on NET
merit list eligible for lectureship
By Sanjiv Dube
NEW DELHI : Only the top 15% of candidates in the National
Eligibility Test (NET) merit list for each subject and category will
be declared qualified and will be eligible for lectureship,
according to a University Grants Commission (UGC) notification
issued by the Secretary on December 27.
The notification defines the criteria for declaration of result for
NET conducted on December 30, 2012. According to the new
scheme, the candidates will need to obtain minimum marks in each
According to UGC officials, the merit list will include only those
candidates who have obtained minimum marks in each paper separately.
The final merit list will be prepared subject-wise
and category-wise using the aggregate marks of all the three papers.
A separate merit list for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF)
will be prepared from amongst the NET-qualified candidates figuring
in the merit list.
NET will comprise three papers and will consist of only
objective-type questions. While in Paper II and III all the 50 and
75 questions respectively are compulsory, in Paper I, of the 60
questions the candidates are required to attempt only 50. While
Paper I is of general nature to assess the teaching/research
aptitude, Paper II and III will have subject-specific and each
question will carry two marks.
UGC’s NET Bureau has devised a four-step criteria for declaration of
results. In the first step, candidates need to score minimum marks
separately in all three papers. For general
category candidates one has to score 40% each in paper I and II, and
50% in paper III; while for OBC (non-creamy) category the
distribution is 35%, 35% and 45% respectively.
Amongst those candidates
who have cleared step I, a merit list will be prepared subject-wise
and category-wise using the aggregate marks of all the three papers
secured by such candidates. And in step III, only 15% candidates
(for each subject and category), from the merit list mentioned under
step II, will be declared NET-qualified for eligibility for
A separate merit list
for JRF will be prepared from amongst the NET-qualified candidates
figuring in the merit list prepared under step III.
Around 7.8 Lakh
candidates have registered for the examination which will be
conducted in 78 subjects at 77 centres in the country.
The final merit list
will be prepared subject-wise and category-wise using the aggregate
marks of all the three papers secured by such candidates. For JRF, a
separate merit list will be prepared
Regulations to check deemed varsities
: On January 27, 2012 the University Grants Commission formally
draft regulations that seek to tighten the noose around
The regulations would ensure government control on admissions, fee
structure, job recruitment, curriculum and maintenance of academic
standards in deemed universities, according to Prof K Ramamurthy Naidu,
Chairman of the UGC committee constituted to frame the regulations.
According to the regulations approved by the UGC the admission of
students "shall be made strictly on merit, on an all-India basis, in all
the deemed universities through a common entrance test conduced either by the UGC or by an
institution or agency identified and approved by it." This, experts say,
will take the lusture away from a deemed university and put the new
Similarly the admission of NRIs/ persons of Indian origin/ foreign
students to deemed universities shall also be governed by these UGC
regulations, the regulations said adding that the records of admission shall be preserved at least till the
time of the passing out of the respective student.
The regulations do not specify any quantum for the fee but say that the
"fee structure for various programmes...shall also be fixed in accordance
with the Regulations framed by the Commission."
The expert committee was appointed by the University Grants Commission in
mid 2007. On November 30, 2007, the UGC decided to send a copy of
regulations to vice-chancellors of all deemed universities, asking for
comments and suggestions within 15 days. In December 2007 the Ministry of
Human Resource Development sent a circular numbered F. 6-1(11)/2006(CPP-I) to all the
stake-holders seeking their opinion on the proposed regulations.
The process took place over a year to finalise things and finally on
January 27, 2009 the UGC approved the regulations and sent it to the HRD
Ministry for the final seal of the union government.
The committee has provided for punitive action involving withdrawal of the
deemed university status. It has also asked the institutions to implement
the reservation policy in admission and recruitment as per directives of the Union
government, Dr Naidu said.
According to the regulations the deemed universities should maintain the
prescribed standards of instruction, academic and physical infrastructure,
qualification of teachers, pay scales etc as mentioned by the UGC and it should have a
valid accreditation from the National Accreditation and Assessment Council
(NAAC) with at least B or equivalent grade.
“The Central Government/ UGC shall have the right to cause an inspection
of the institution deemed to be university, its buildings, labs,
examinations, teaching and other work conducted or done by the institution and to cause an enquiry to
be made, if considered necessary, by the Centre/UGC, in respect of any
matter of the institution deemed to be university,” the regulations said.
“If the commission is satisfied that the institution deemed to be
university has violated any of the provisions of these regulations or any
directives issued by the commission, the UGC may direct the concerned institution not to admit new
students for the period to be decided by the commission and in case of
deliberate and continuous violation of these regulations, may advise the Centre for
withdrawal of the declaration notifying the institution as an institution
deemed to be university, "it said.
For the first violation, the withdrawal might be restricted to one academic
session which could be extended up to five academic sessions for repeated
However, for serious and debate violations, the status will be withdrawn
||University Grants Commission
Bahadurshah Zafar Marg
New Delhi - 110002
Accreditation must for higher edu institutions
By Sanjiv Dube
NEW DELHI : All
higher educational institutions in the country, except
technical education one, will now have to get accredited
The law, called the
(Mandatory Assessment and Accreditation of Higher
Education Institutions) Regulations 2012, were notified
in the official gazette on February 19, and come into
force with immediate effect.
The UGC Regulations 2012
say that all higher education institutions who fail to
comply with the assessment and accreditation clause will
be barred from financial aid granted by the UGC or the
Ministry of Human Resource Development but says nothing
of the private institutions who do not take or aspire to
take any financial aid from the government. Nor do the
Regulations say anything about institutions like the
Indian Institute of Planning and Management (IIPM) who
blatantly defy the UGC and the All India Council for
Technical Education (AICTE).
The Regulation require that all higher education
institutions (expect technical education colleges
governed by the AICTE) apply for accreditation within a
period of six months to the accreditation agencies
namely the National Assessment and Accreditation
Council, the National Board of Accreditation, and the
National Accreditation Board currently recognised by the UGC.
The Regulations say that all institutions which have been in existence for six
years or from where two batches of students have passed
out (whichever is earlier) will need to seek
accreditation within this stipulated time. Those that
haven’t yet completed these criteria must apply within
six months of completing six years of operation or
passing out of two batches apply for accreditation.
The Regulations, says the notification, seeks to ensure that students can make
informed choices about academic courses, institutions
can raise quality and seek international recognition for
which benchmarking is necessary. Hitherto, accreditation
was voluntary in India and less than 10 per cent of all
institutions are accredited.
The regulations will be applicable to all 44 Central
universities,; about 300 state universities, over 100
deemed universities and over
33,000 colleges of which 6,000 are UGC funded.
Ved Prakash is UGC Chairman de jure
NEW DELHI : On January 18, the officiating chairman of
the University Grants Commission, Dr Ved Prakash was
formally appointed chairman of the organisation.
The appointment came after the government had set up
afresh a search-cum-selection committee last September
to shortlist a candidate for the post, sources said.
The contenders for the top post included India’s chief
statistician T.C.A. Anant and Tata Institute of Social
Sciences chief S. Parasuraman, they said.
The chairman’s post was vacant since S. Thorat retired
in February 2011. Since then Mr. Prakash had been
officiating as the chairman.
selection of the chairman
delayed as the three-member search committee was dragging
its feet without reaching any concrete conclusions
because it was not sure about the eligibility criteria
of candidates in general and the age clause in
Act stipulates that the office of the UGC chairman shall be whole time and he/she shall “hold
office for a term of five years or
until he attains the age of 65 years, whichever is
Accordingly, the UGC chairman had to be appointed on a
whole time basis and for the full term. The provision
does not allow for interpretation knowingly or
deliberately that a person could be appointed chairman
for a period, which will not be one term of five years.
stipulation in the advertisement given by the HRD
ministry on this subject mentioned, “...nominees should
be preferably below the age of 60 years''. This
appeared to have also been guided by this principle.
Non-adherence to this provision would tantamount to
violation of the relevant stipulation in the UGC.
Curtailment of full term due to an intervening factor
such as superannuation or some unforeseen reasons of
exit from the position would be an exception and not a
The HRD ministry's decision in the appointment of Prof
SS Mantha as the chairman, All India Council for
Technical Education (AICTE), last year supports the principle cited for the position of
the UGC chairman.
UGC checks 53 pvt varsities, finds only 5 'in order'
NEW DELHI : Human Resource Development (HRD)
Pallam Raju told Rajya Sabha on December 14 that only five
out of 53 private universities
inspected by the University Grants Commission (UGC) were
found to be in order.
He said 53 of the total 145 private universities were inspected while replying to supplementaries during
the question hour in the Rajya Sabha.
"Fifty-three universities were inspected to see how many
were following UGC norms... five of these were found in
order, and came clear," Raju said.
"Once we get some complaint, we inspect the university.
We give them some time to rectify, but if even after
that they do not follow regulations, they are asked to
close," he said.
The minister added that the UGC, which looks after all
non-technical education, had no power to shut down
The UGC can only direct them to close courses against
which complaints have been received, he explained.
Raju added that the passage of two pending bills in
parliament, Educational Tribunal Bill and National
Accreditation Regulatory Authority (NARA) for Higher
Educational Institutions Bill, would
help in further regulating private universities.
"I take this opportunity to urge the members to pass the
bill for setting up a education tribunal and another one
for an accreditation authority," Raju said.
The minister also accepted that there were weaknesses in
the UGC and the government was trying to strengthen it.
UGC sets norms for tie-ups with foreign varsities
NEW DELHI : The University Grants Commission
(Promotion and Maintenance of Standards of Academic
Collaboration between Indian and Foreign educational
Institutions) Regulations, 2012 approved in June will
ensure that academic collaboration between Indian and
foreign educational institutes followed the highest
The regulations mandate that only institutes graded ‘A’
by the National Board of Accreditation or the National
Assessment and Accreditation Council can
collaborate with foreign institutes, which, in turn,
must figure in the list of top 500 global educational
institutes, as ranked by the Times Higher
Education Rankings or the Shanghai Rankings.
Students will not only get a degree from the Indian
institute where they are enrolled but also from the
collaborating foreign institute, if it is inclined to
give one. No programme of study and research shall be
offered which is against national security and
territorial integrity of India.
The two institutions (Indian and its foreign
collaborator) will have to enter into an agreement which
will have to be approved by the UGC before it is
implemented. The approval will be valid for 5 years and
the Commission may review the progress made and
periodically inform the agencies concerned about the
results of such a review. After the expiry of this
period, the UGC may extend or withdraw the approval or
impose such other conditions for extension, as may deem
fit. The regulations make clear that no franchise
arrangement will be allowed.
Existing tie-ups through the Indian institutions will
have six months to meet the new eligibility criteria. In
case they fail to do so, they will have to
terminate the agreements. Institutions that refuse to
comply with the new regulations can lose UGC funding,
de-recognition in case of a deemed university, and
public notices announcing the ineligibility of the
institution to enter into collaborations with foreign
Disputes arising in relation to collaboration will be
settled as per Indian laws.
As per a 2006 study by the Association of Indian
Universities, over 340 institutes were offering courses
in collaboration with foreign institutes. The UGC
regulations seek to bring some order in area to protect
students by ensuring that only genuine academic
collaborations are encouraged.
UGC defers plan
to allow entry of foreign varsities
NEW DELHI : On June 2 the University Grants
Commission (UGC) deferred a controversial proposal to
allow the entry of foreign educational institutions
within the existing legal framework. However, it gave
‘in principle approval' to regulations on collaborative
and joint courses.
‘The Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of
Entry and Operations) Bill 2010,' is pending in
Parliament as several parties are opposed to some of the
provisions which would allow foreign universities to
operate in India. The Parliamentary Standing Committee
has made several recommendations to the Bill and they
were being considered by the government.
The move by the UGC was seen by some of the academic
experts, who do not wish to be identified, as allowing
the foreign universities to come in without a
legislative framework. They are also of the view that
such a move would be in violation of the provisions of
the UGC Act, 1956.
The UGC approved ‘in principle' regulations on allowing
twinning and joint degree programmes between the “top
ranking foreign educational institutions and the best
Indian universities.” Only the best universities of the
country would be allowed to have tie-up with the
internationally accredited 500 foreign universities and
the courses would have to be completed in both
As per the guidelines, foreign universities entering
into tie-ups with Indian partners should be among the
top 500 ranked by the Times Higher Education
World University Ranking or by Shanghai Jiaotong
University. The degrees will be granted by the Indian
The Hindu had on Friday reported that the
Human Resource Development Ministry was trying to
identify possibilities of allowing the foreign
institutions into the country as it was finding it hard
to push through the Foreign Educational Institutions
(Regulation of Entry and Operations) Bill, 2010 in
Parliament due to lack of numbers in Rajya Sabha.
The UGC called a special meeting and the only two items
on the agenda had the possibility of allowing foreign
educational institutions to enter as ‘deemed
universities' under Section 3 of the University Grants
Commission Act, 1956, or as private universities under
the State laws, and drafting regulations on
twinning programmes and joint degree programmes.
According to informed sources, some members of the UGC
strongly opposed the proposal to allow the foreign
universities when a Bill was already pending in
Parliament. Also the UGC Act, 1956 would not be
applicable to foreign universities without amendments.
“The UGC chairperson and the Higher Education Secretary
concurred with the objections and agreed to defer the
item,” UGC sources told The Hindu.
The panel members approved the regulations on joint
programmes as it was felt it was necessary to curb the
‘fly-by-night' operators in the country. Once the
regulations come into effect, such operators will have
to wind up.
As of now, only technical and management courses of
foreign institutions are allowed in India as they are
regulated by the All India Council of Technical
Education (AICTE) Act. However, a large number of
courses across the board are being conducted in an
The UGC in 2003 mooted a proposal on regulation of entry
and operation of foreign universities but did not pursue
it after it was brought to the notice of
the UGC by its legal experts that the UGC Act does not
permit regulation of foreign universities.
S. Vaidhyasubramaniam, Dean of Sastra University, said
the decision to allow only top 500 foreign universities
in collaborative mode was a good first step in the
interest of the existing faculty crisis and poor
research productivity in Indian higher education.
Such collaboration should begin with Post Graduate and
Ph.D. programmes only, he said. (Courtesy : The Hindu)
Our Correspondent adds
: The UGC move will end fleecing by fake foreign
educational institutes operating from India. Over 631
are operating as of today without anyone knowing their
But now, any foreign educational institution which
figures among the top 500 in global QS rankings or Times
Higher Education Supplement rankings will be formally
allowed to offer undergradute degrees like — BA, BSc,
BTech etc — in India by entering into a collaboration
with a top Indian university or college which has the
highest accreditation grade back home. Indian colleges
with Grade A accreditation from the National Board of
Accreditation or NAAC (National Assessment and
Accreditation Council) alone will be eligible to partner
with foreign colleges.
This twinning arrangement was approved today by the
Commission by way of a regulation called, "Promotion and
Maintenance of Standards of Academic Collaboration
between Indian and Foreign Educational Institutions".
The regulation will be sent to the Ministry of HRD for
notification after which any
Indian college can approach the UGC with a proposal to
partner with the foreign college.
"The commission will screen the proposal before
certifying it. The condition is that the degree awarded
will have to be by the Indian education provider to
ensure our students are not harassed due to
non-recognition. The two collaborators can work out the
arrangements. They can split the duration of semesters
between India and abroad. The foreign provider can award
their degrees but the Indian degree would be an
essential requirement," said Ved Prakash, Acting
Importantly, the UGC will soon issue a public notice
asking all existing foreign education providers and
their Indian partners to fulfill the accreditation
norms required under the new regulations within six
Once the regulation is notified, the UGC will call for
every Indian partner of foreign educational institutions
to seek certification within six months.